Currently I am persuing my doctoral studies from Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas (CTARA) at Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT-B). I am an awardee of the Prime Mininster Research Fellowship for Doctoral Studies (PMRF) in collaboration with UNICEF as the Industry Partner. I have done my Master of Design (M.Des.) from the Industrial Design Centre (IDC) at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT-B), one of the top tech institute in India. Currently I am working on creating Android games, for providing refresher training, evaluation on maternal and child health and nutrition for the Anganwadi workers or community health workers in India, with a special focus on the first 1000 days of life. My research theme is HCI for Development (HCI4D), developing ICT tools for emerging users of smartphones, who are less literate and less tech-savvy. You can check my published research papers in the Research section and designed app in Google PlayStore.
My interest lies in working with big-geospatial data on public-health, economy, development indicators, etc. and turn big datasets into explorative and interactive data visualizations.
You can check the Data Visualization project of Covid-19 cases in India (State and District wise) in the Projects section.
Published Research Papers
(Journal Category / Full Paper)
Refresher Training through Quiz App for capacity building of Community Healthcare Workers or Anganwadi Workers in India
An android based quiz app was designed, following Anganwadi Workers training modules’ content and need assessment results. The study investigates the quiz app’s effectiveness and compares it with conventional classroom instruction, with a group of Anganwadi Workers, and discusses ways to make it an adequate substitute.
High and persistent child malnutrition levels with tardy reduction, seen in successive health surveys, continue to be a matter of concern in India, drawing attention to the need to revamp the four-decade-old Government program, Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS). ICDS field functionaries or Anganwadi Workers’ (AWWs) capacity deficit was identified as a significant factor affecting ICDS’s effectiveness. Considering rising numbers, over 1.4 million AWWs, and continuously advancing knowledge of community healthcare, conventional training pedagogy is ineffective in building and updating AWWs and their supervisors’ capacity, which calls for rethinking, using the ICT approach.
Over 6 lakh AWWs in India were smartphone equipped by 2020. An android based quiz app was designed, following AWWs training modules’ content and need assessment results. The study investigates the quiz app’s effectiveness and compares it with conventional classroom instruction, with a group of AWWs, and discusses ways to make it an adequate substitute
Click here to read the full paper
Click on the video to watch the paper presentation
Physical and Augmented Reality based Playful Activities for Refresher Training of ASHA Workers in India
Two refresher training tools were developed to make learning the child immunization schedule more exciting and conceptually engaging for ASHAs. The physical and AR (Augmented Reality) versions of designed card games were compared for effectiveness and knowledge retention, pre, and post-intervention through questionnaire tests conducted immediately before and after playing multiple sessions. ... The AR-based play was found to be better in learning and knowledge retention with more engagement, mainly due to its interactive and intuitive nature of play.
Click here to read the full paper
Click on the photo to read the paper
Data Visualization of Covid-19 cases in India (State and District wise)
We are happy to note that, WHO has also found these maps useful for their India Situation Reports (
WHO Report 9 on 28th March,
WHO Report 10 on 5th April and
WHO Report 15 on 10th May )
Click here to see the data visualization project
District-wise confirmed COVID-19 cases in India
Novel interactions for navigating in VR sports
Enhancing immersion in Virtual Reality sports through novel physical interactions and haptic feedbacks
Click on the video to watch the promo video of the project.
Click here to watch the working details of the project.
Prime Minister Research Fellowship for Doctoral Studies - Review Meeting
14 February, 2023
Presented progress of my Doctoral Studies at the Prime Minister Research Fellowship - Review Meeting organised by SERB-FICCI hosted at IIT Delhi.
The poster presentation explains the design and development of a digital card game to be played on a smartphone for training Community Healthcare Workers like ASHAs and Anganwadi Workers on the topic of scheduled immunization and timely care to be provided for :
- Children below age of 1 year
- Children above age of 1 year
- Ante-natal care or care for pregnant women
- Post-natal care or care for mothers after child delivery
I want to thank Prof. Satish B. Agnihotri , Prof. Girish Dalvi , Prof. Uday Athavankar , Prof. Amit Arora , Prof. Sarthak Gaurav and Dr. Rupal Dalal for guiding me throughout the research.
I would also like to thank all the Community Healthcare Workers ( ASHAs and Anganwadi Workers ) and their supervisors who participated in the study and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Women and Child Development for their cooperation.
I want to thank SERB-FICCI and UNICEF India for funding my Doctoral Research studies.
Information Visualisation and Statistical Analysis for Bachelors of Design- 5th Semester
24 August - 1 September and 4-24th October, 2023 (and some extra classes)
60 students were taught for 6 weeks in person classes (30 X 6 Hrs) in MIT Pune, Institute of Design
- Topics covered under Information Visualization Module
- Visualization techniques and principles
- GIS techniques for Data Representation. Tools and Datasets- Census 2001 and 2011, NFHS4 and NFHS5
- Scatterplot, Regression, Tools for visualization - Excel and Flourish
- Dispersion, Clustering, Box Plots, Central Tendency, Normal Distribution, Tools for visualization - Python
Click here to see the compilation of Capstone Projects presented at the Foyer by the student groups
- Topics covered under Statistical Analysis Module
- Qualitative and Quantitative approach to Design Research
- Variables - Dependent and Independent
- Research Question, Hypothesis, Redearch Design
- Null hypothesis significance testing (NHST): Criterion of falsifiability | Null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis | Level of significance (α) | Two-tailed or one-tailed p values
- Goodness of fit tests: Proportions, interval Z test, interval t test , ordinal KS test, nominal chi-squared test, Two-tailed p values
- Benchmarking: Proportions, interval Z test, interval t test, One-tailed p values
- Comparing two interval samples: Dependent measures (within subjects) - paired t test | Independent measures (between subjects) - Student’s t test equal / unequal variances | Two-tailed p values and confidence limits for the difference
- Comparing two ordinal samples: Independent - KS test
- Comparing two binomial samples: Independent - chi-squared, N-1 chi-squared, Fisher exact, Z test equal and not equal | Dependent - Z test
- 1-way ANOVA, ANCOVA, MANOVA, Multiple Measures ANOVA
- Regression, Correlation and Causation
Workshop on Data Visualization for the Chief Minister Fellows
27 Chief Minister Fellows were trained for 9 days in person classes (4 X 1.5 Hrs each) in IIT Bombay and 46 (every saturday) classes online (2 X 1.5 Hrs each)
Off Line: 4 classes x 1.5 Hrs [Short quizzes and exercise included] (29th May to 8th June, 2023)
- Importance of data in governance and its visualisation,
- Different visualisation techniques including GIS mapping,
- Hands on exercise for a district, handling large data, use of dash-boards,
- Learning basic techniques including QGIS
On Line: 6 Classes x 3 Hrs – Detailed elaboration of the techniques, exercises and presentations
- Familiarity with Censusgis.org: Looking at different demographic and infrastructure parameters
- Hands on exercise for a district and class presentations
- Using the NFHS-4 and NFHS-5 website – Using the data to communicate with Policy
- Exposure to various data sets How to make data analysis ready / practicing QGIS
- Using different visualisation tools: Pie Chart, bar graphs, boxplots, line graphs, colour coded tables, Radar Diagram and their use through a dash-board
- Hands on analysis for a district
Training Monitoring and Evaluation officers of all districts of Maharashtra stateCapacity Building Workshop for M&E officers of all districts of Maharashtra state at the State Health Systems Resource Centre, based in Yashwantrao Chavan Academy Of Development Administration (YASHADA) at Pune
- Batch 1 : 3 and 4 May, 2023
2-week Workshop on Data Driven Agriculture: Tools and Techniques theme for the researchers of VNMKV Agricultural University, Parbhani, MaharashtraThe workshop was held on 10-23 December, 2022. There were 42 participants. About 40% have engineering background (Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, Food Science and Technology, Remote Sensing, Farm Power etc. ) and rest have Agriculture Science background (Agronomy, Horticulture, Entomology and so on). This workshop was to help them appreciate Data Visualization, Application of data analytics in Agriculture, Intro to software tools such as R, Python, MINITAB and a few advance statistics topics.
Training program on Data Visualisation and Interpretation using Tableau for the development sector professionalsThe Coalition for Food and Nutrition Security (CFNS) in collaboration with CTARA, IIT Bombay organised two days training program on "Data Visualisation and Interpretation using Tableau" for the development sector professionals on 28 & 29 November, 2019. The objective of this training is to provide hands on training to the CSOs/ academicians for enhancing their skills in big data visualisation techniques using tableau, one of the most powerful and fastest growing data visualisation tools.
Consultation Meeting : Key findings of CNNS (Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey)The Coalition for Food and Nutrition Security (CFNS) in collaboration with Innovative Change Collaborative and Civic Engagement Alliance organised one day consultation meeting on the Key findings of CNNS (Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey) on 28 November, 2019. The objective of the meeting was knowledge dissemination and discussion over the CNNS survey.
Best Paper Award (Asian CHI 2021)
Best Paper Award in long paper category in Asian CHI Symposium 2021 in CHI 2021 for the paper titled : Refresher Training through Quiz App for capacity building of Community Healthcare Workers or Anganwadi Workers in India
Best Paper Award (Asian CHI 2022)
Best Paper Award in long paper category in Asian CHI Symposium 2022 in CHI 2022 for the paper titled : Physical and Augmented Reality based Playful Activities for Refresher Training of ASHA Workers in India
Prime Minister Research Fellowship
Masters in Design (2016-18)
Masters in Design from Industrial Design Centre (IDC), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT-B) specializing in Interaction Design
Bachelors in Architecture (2011-16)
Bachelors in Architecture from School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi (SPA Delhi)
Dainik Bhaskar, on September 28, 2023, featured my research experiment, which involved the use of a smartphone game app for providing refresher training to ASHA workers in Burhanpur District, Madhya Pradesh.
#Research #ASHAWorkers #TrainingInnovation
Link to the digital publication: Click here
On September 29, 2023, Dainik Bhaskar featured my visit to Jhiri, a village near Burhanpur. During my visit, I engaged with the primary and secondary school students, encouraging a daily newspaper reading habit. I explored various areas of the village, offering solutions to pressing issues. I also connected with local households, small-scale and cottage industries, as well as large-scale mill businesses, proposing strategies to foster a thriving and harmonious village livelihood.
#CommunityEngagement #Empowerment #VillageDevelopment
Email : arka.majhi[at]iitb[dot]ac[dot]in
Whatsapp : Click here